€ 370 / pp
Meet our driver escort and visit Palermo by a private car. We’ll visit ancient town that has been a crossroads for civilization in the Mediterranean for ages. Visit the Norman Palace and the Palatine Chapel, the Cathedral, Quattro Canti Square. Walk through the streets of the historical center, and visit to the town’s popular Vucciria […]
Capital of Sicily, founded by Phoenicians, it was later renamed by Greeks "Panormos" which means "all port". It reached its golden age during the Arab domination in 9th-11th centuries when it became one of the most prosperous cities in the Mediterranean and Europe, known as "city of delights" for its marvelous and lavish gardens, as well as for magnificent mosques and palaces. After being conquered by the Normans in 1060-1080, most of palaces and mosques were destroyed, but the new rulers exploited the cosmopolitan environment of Palermo and the artists, architects and masters from different cultural roots giving the birth to a unique architectural style, the so-called "Arab-Norman Style of Sicily", an original mixture of arabesque decorations, Romanesque architecture and Byzantine mosaics. After being home to one of the most famous Emperors of the Middle Ages, Frederik II fo Swabia, Palermo began its decadence under the influence of several dominations such as French, Aragonians, Spanish and Borbons from Naples. In the mid of XIX century, during the Italian Risorgimento, Palermo was one the leading revolutionary cities in Italy, strongly contributing to the success of the "Mille" (literally "one thousand") patriots' expedition lead by the famous Italian national hero Giuseppe Garibaldi which ended with the reunification of Italy under the Savoy dynasty from Turin (1860). For the varieties of its monuments, witnessing its long and rich history, the number of other cultural and naturalistic attractions, Palermo can offer a unique experience to the visitors interested in exploring it. The Cathedral with its different architectural styles, due to a long history of additions, alterations and restorations. San Giovanni degli Eremiti (St. John of the Hermits) notable for its brilliant red domes, which show clearly the persistence of Arab influences in Sicily at the time of its reconstruction in the 12th century, and the bell tower, a typical example of Gothic architecture. Quattro Canti square at the crossing of the ancient main roads dividing the town into its quarters. The Norman Palace, probably built over an Arab fortress, one of the most beautiful Italian palaces and a notable example of Norman architecture. Zisa, with the Islamic museum, and Cuba, once encircled by water, magnificent castles/houses used by the kings of Palermo for hunting: similar buildings were common in northern Africa, but today these two are the only ones remaining. Catacombe dei Cappuccini with over 8000 mummified corpses in varying degrees of preservation, some merely clothed skeletons, other remarkably well-preserved and lifelike. Theaters such as Teatro Massimo and Politeama. Palermo, famous for the culinary delights (arancine, caponata, cannoli and cassata, to name a few) is also seat to some important Sicilian wine companies whose popularity in the world is growing.
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